The BTJRC is focused on research projects that will offer the greatest impact in terms of energy savings, emissions reductions, and air quality improvements—and that support achievement of China's Paris Agreement Goals. Current BTJRC research projects are listed below.
Modeling China's Non-CO2 Greenhouse Gas Emissions: Future Trajectories and Mitigation Options and Potential
While China’s role as the world’s largest consumer of energy and emitter of energy-related CO2 is now well known, China’s role as the world’s largest non-CO2 greenhouse gas emitter is less recognized. According to a 2005 inventory, non-CO2 greenhouse gasses (such as methane, nitrous oxide, hydrofluorocarbons, perfluorocarbons, sulfur hexafluoride, and nitrogen trifluroide) contributed 20% of total national greenhouse gasses, accounting for 1.49 gigatons of CO2 -equivalent. This research project aims to provide Chinese policymakers with a comprehensive understanding of the sources and drivers for future non-CO2 greenhouse gas emissions, and various technological and policy options for specifically addressing non-CO2 greenhouse gasses.
Moving Forward with China's Electricity Reforms
China’s electricity system has powered China’s emergence as the world’s largest economy. Due to heavy reliance on coal, however, this system contributes to more than 13% of global energy-related carbon dioxide emissions and is a major contributor to poor air quality in China and the Pacific region.
In early 2015, China resumed a long-delayed effort to reform its electricity sector, with the stated goals of improving economic efficiency and environmental performance. After more than a year of policy discussions and pilots, this new reform effort does not show clear signs of marked progress. This project proposes to work with and support thought leaders to advance the conversation of electricity-sector reform in China, by focusing on two key areas: near-term pathways for electricity reforms, and the long-term future of clean electricity markets.